The Botanical Garden of Montpellier belongs to the University, occupies more than 4 hectares and is a valuable reference for botanists, doctors and pharmacists, as well as a place of study and leisure for students and fans of plants and nature in general. Historic monument since 1992, it is without a doubt one of the most interesting natural sites of Montpellier.
The Botanical Garden of Montpellier is the oldest in France. It was founded in 1593 by Pierre Richer de Belleval, professor of botany and anatomy. At first it was designed in the manner of the botanical garden of Padua (1545), later serving as reference to the Jardin des Plantes de Paris (1626). It was destined in its beginnings to the formation of doctors and apothecaries through the botany. In the seventeenth century, there is added to this scientific interest the concern for the diversity of plants, recreating different environments of the plant world.
The oldest part of the garden is the Montagne de Richer, with its systematic garden. The Orangerie (1804), the arboretum (1810) and the English garden, with pond and greenhouse (1859) are built in various extensions.
Inside the garden, there is a collection of palms and succulents, the Orangerie, the cold stove and the arboretum, as well as the greenhouse with pond, three rooms, and an excellent representation of French Guiana. It also has a wide catalog of Mediterranean medicinal herbs and an herbarium in which about 4,000,000 samples are preserved. Finally, we will cite one of the jewels of the garden, the ginkgo biloba, unique specimen with more than 300 years of existence.